I live in Florida and I’m used to fish in tropical waters rich in combative fish and predators with big teeth. Here more than anywhere else, you must make lines following the rule of three S: simplicity, sensitivity and strength.
It is easy to understand: the simplicity of a rig allows it to be more sensitive and increases its strength. In fact, you have to minimize the elements present on the line and to avoid the areas of weakness, while increasing the sensation of contact with the fish. This means fewer knots, fewer cuts, fewer gadgets supposed to catch more fish (and make you spend more money).
For many years, I have successfully used only three types of rigs: sliding sinker, double dropper and fixed bobber. By boat or from the shore, these are by far the three most productive riggings you can try, the cheapest, the easiest to make and the most reliable. They are totally universal and can be used in both freshwater and saltwater on virtually all types of fish. You just need to adapt to conditions and species by changing the size of the line, the type of hook, the shape of the sinker or the model of the bobber.
Here is a short visual guide of these three best universal fishing rigs, both for beginners and experienced fishermen who sometimes forget the most obvious bases.

  • Sliding Sinker

Also called fish finder, this rig is mainly intended for hunting predators. We use live bait (fish, crustaceans) that move freely.


Supplies: main line, leader line, swivel, bead, egg sinker, circle hook

Knots: palomar (hook), offshore (swivel)
Technique: Flexible strike when fleeing (wait for the fish to leave with the bait and reel quickly to stretch the line)

  • Double Dropper

Close to the paternoster rig, an extremely versatile rigging that pleases almost any fish, but is particularly effective on opportunistic predators. We use live bait (worms, crustaceans) or fresh bait (mollusks, pieces of fish) that move with the current.


Equipment: main line, octopus hooks, snap swivel, pyramid sinker

Knots: dropper loop (line), palomar (hooks and swivel)
Technique: Strong strike when pulling (give a strong rod strike when the fish pulls on the line)

  • Fixed Bobber

Essential rig to move away from the bottom or to target surface species, effective on the most picky fishes. We use any type of dead or fresh bait that is naturally presented at the right depth, depending on the species.


Equipment: main line, float, split shot sinkers, straight hook

Knots: snell (hook)
Technique: Fast and sharp strike when biting (give a quick and hard rod hit as soon as the bobber sinks)